Friday, 13 July 2018


Public speaking is said to be the biggest fear reported by many adults, topping flying, financial ruin, sickness, and even death.

Your breath speeds up, your pulse races. Your throat tightens as your palms sweat. You feel sick to your stomach, and when you speak, your hands and knees shake along with your voice. 

These are common symptoms of stage fright, also known as performance anxiety. Millions of people experience the involuntary response when they’re faced with delivering a presentation or performing in front of others. This assumption of being judged arises from the spotlight effect -- the belief that people are paying more attention (especially negative attention) to you than they truly are. It’s an evolutionary holdover of the “fight or flight” response. In this case, your body perceives actual danger from becoming the focus of others' attention.

Stage fright is normal, but that certainly doesn’t mean that it’s not harmful. Performance anxiety can affect your career and personal life. It can diminish your self-confidence and hold you back from performing and your full potential. If you are prone to stage fright, take control over it before it controls it. There are numerous ways of controlling the stage fright, here are few:

Play with your mind

Our mind is a foolish, it believes, what you want it to believe. There are two proven ways to play with your mind

Pretend: Pretend that your anxiety is actually excitement. This is more effective than telling yourself to calm down. Telling yourself to settle down when you’re pumped full of adrenaline is an act of repression -- it gives those feelings nowhere to go. In contrast, recasting your nervousness as excitement creates a framework to manage your emotions.

Divert: Divert your mind to something hilarious. This idea came to me watching my wife calm down my son’s nerve. My son is a 6 year old who is trying his hand on singing. Before his first stage performance in from of a ~100 audience, he was nervous, fearing he will surely forget the lines and will mesh up. My wife just went up and asked him did he remembered the hilarious Bollywood song. He started smiling. And for the three minutes before the performance they were just talking about that song, which didn’t had any relation to the classical music he was about to deliver. He went to the stage smiling and performed flawless. That day I understood the idea of mind diversion. Divert your mind to some needless hilarious thing.

Worry about the first five minutes -- and that's it.

The first few minutes of a presentation are the most stressful. After that, you’re more likely to settle into your role at the front of the room. Remember to have a great opening. If you start your speech with confidence and certainty, the nerves will settle down. Moreover your audience with warm with you which will make you at ease. Here are some ideas for beginning a speech.

Focus and cut the noise out

Focusing on the material is one of your most important tools as a speaker who knows how to reach and engage audiences. But as human tendency we have a habit of wandering into off-the-grid thoughts, which affects our speaking ability and our confidence takes a hit. Learn not to engage these thoughts or resist them; instead, notice them and let them float away. Come back to your message and its reception.


You get what you visualise success. Visualise the successful outcome and cut out any negative thoughts. As you go up the stage visualise yourself coming down with the audience appreciating, this will only improve your confidence and calm down your nerves.

Friday, 17 March 2017


How many times have you gone into a presentation and within couple of minutes have said “Oh no! Not another of those boring Power Point presentations….!!!!!!!!!!!”

The truth is, bad Power Point happens to even good communicator and quite often the person giving the presentation is just as much a victim as the poor audience.

Here are few tips which help you to add a bit more spice to your presentation and make it interesting. By all means this is not a comprehensive tips but a start feel free to share your tips also.

The Skeleton

It has been a common phenomenon for presenters to make their presentations first and then work on the speech. They align their speech according to the slides. But honestly it should be other way round. The slides are the tools to aid in your presentations.  Unless you are an expert in improvising, make sure you write out the script of your presentation even before thinking about the slides. Your script should follow good storytelling conventions: give it a beginning, middle, and end; have a clear pathway that builds towards some sort of climax. Then start working on the making your audience appreciate each slide but be anxious to find out what’s next; and when possible, always leave ‘em wanting more. Remember slides should blend in your presentation not distract.

One Slide – One Point.

Remember to orient your slide to the timing of your speech. The slide should represent only what you are saying. Remember the audience will read the slides as soon as it is up. If you have already given the next point, they will not be interested in what you are saying. If the slide needs to have more than one point use the animations. Your job as presenter is to control the flow of information so that you and your audience stay in sync.


One of the most popular ways is to put everything onto the slides, in great big chunky blocks of text. This only enhances the Boredom Quotient of the presentation. Your slides are the illustrations for your presentation, not the presentation itself. They should underline and reinforce what you’re saying as you give your presentation — save the paragraphs of text for your script.

Use bullet points for illustrating your points. If possible keep a punch line for every slide.

Keep it Simple

PowerPoint and all other presentation packages offer all sorts of themes and animations, which can make your slides flashy, funky with a few mouse clicks. Avoid the temptations to make your pages too flashy, it can have animations, but only when it is an addition to your presentation. Don’t make it an annoyance

Focus on the basic simple design like
  • Using San serif fonts as text
  • Decorative fonts only on slide headers, only if they are easy to read
  • Put dark text on a light background. Again, this is easiest to read. If you must use a dark background – for instance, if your company uses a standard template with a dark background – make sure your text is quite light (white, cream, light grey, or pastels) and maybe bump the font size up two or three notches.
  • Avoid clutter – don’t clutter your slides with text or charts. Keep it Simple


There are two schools of thought about images in presentations. Some say they add visual interest and keep audiences engaged; others say images are an unnecessary distraction. Both arguments holds true; therefore use images only if it illustrates your point. Try to avoid common pictures.

The Hook

Try to plant a hook at the beginning of the slide. The most powerful hooks are often those that appeal directly to your audience’s emotions. One of the ways to enhance the effect of hook is to have it in the slide clear enough so that everybody sees it, but in your speech avoid reading it.

Don’t read your presentation

Remember to not read your slides. While you are on your speech, the presentations should be in the back ground catalyzing your points. The moment you start reading from the slides, the audience will stop listening to you and start reading.

Break it

Break it. Remember there are no such hard-bound rules in presentations. If you know there’s a good reason to break a rule, go ahead and do it. Rule breaking is perfectly acceptable behaviour in presentations. Imaginations and improvisations are the very basics of public speaking or presentations, so always be ready to break a rule while improvising.

Sunday, 26 February 2017


slides – is it important?

Do you always pull out slides or projector when you are having an important conversation with your friend or relative in a restaurant. Rather that will be the odd thing to do. We look into their eyes and give them the proper / full attention along with the words. They feel important and start taking your words seriously.

This, I know will raise a question: then why do we use slides? If you look at the maximum of the best speeches of all time, you will not find any use of slides.

Though there are question: would these speeches have been better if they were narrated over slides?
In many cases, no. You’d have to listen carefully to figure out when ideas would be better presented visually rather than with words alone, which is the secret for thinking about your own presentations: when do you truly need a visual image to express an idea? And when would it be better simply letting your voices tell the story?

Most of the time we speak with slides because it seems more challenging because:
  • We feel naked without the familiar crutch of slides behind you
  • It may require a different and more intense way to prepare
  • It demands more thinking and refinement of your ideas

Speaking without slides is often better because:
  • Audiences grant you more attention and authority over the room
  • You have no fear of slide or A/V malfunctions
  • You can never become a slave to your slides
  • It forces you to clarify and improve your ideas, making you a better speaker

But sometimes the reverse is also true slides do have some advantages, including:
  • Some concepts are best expressed visually especially a technical concept
  • They can serve as a handout

When is it best to speak without slides?

If the speaking time is 15 minutes or less, it is more convenient and better to go without slides. But anything more than that the dynamics to keeping the attention of the audience becomes complex. I generally try to use the slides, this helps me to catch the audience attention going and also helping them to link with what I have said earlier.

In short use slides when it enhances the presentation and there is no other way to present.

Tuesday, 21 February 2017


Every Saturday I take my son to his music teacher, the different ways of practice that his teacher teaches him is equally applicable to public speaking. Whenever he made a mistake, she got him to start from a few notes before the mistake and carry on a few notes after the mistake, rather than going back to the start each time. This meant that the part of song that needed the most practice got it, rather than becoming excellent at the first part of the piece and then gradually getting worse as it went on. She also made him practice in various styles and speed. This kept him interested and also started making him versatile.

It is good idea to aim to memorise your speech and have notes or cue cards to refer when needed. But as you get confident you should aim to become less reliant on your notes and to leave the script behind at times and just go with the flow. You may find yourself with a different audience to what you prepared for and they may appreciate a different angle on your material. Being able to adapt and leave your script behind so that you can present your material in a way that is more meaningful to your audience is a great skill to develop.

My mentor at City of PerthToastmasters usually speaks without any notes.  She prefers to have a feel of the audience before the speech and then covers the things that seem most appropriate for them. I have seen her deliver a speech drastically cutting out points that she had prepared, because it didn’t appeal to the audience. She happens to be an extremely inspiring speaker, but the ability to do this didn’t happen overnight, it is the result of many years of experience.

Once you are happy with your speech manuscript practice stage rehearsals. By this I means shut yourself in a room and actually perform your speech as you would to an audience, even get someone to be your audience if possible. Say the speech out loud rather than just mouthing the words. You may find that something that looked good written down doesn’t sound so great when you say it out loud. Remember to practice the body movements you have thought off.

As well as the actual words you’ll say you should also rehearse the technical side of your speech. For example, are you going to use a wireless microphone so that you are free to roam around? Or is the microphone fixed to a lectern which means you’ll have to stay behind it to be heard? Are you using the projector? When does the slide change? Is your speech speed in sync with the slides?
If you’re going to take questions at the end of your presentation then give some thought to what sort of questions you might get so you’re not caught off guard.

One final word, whilst practicing your speech is very important you shouldn’t practice every single word and hand gesture until the whole thing becomes robotic. Make sure you keep enough room to improvise depending on the audience.  A natural speaker who makes the odd mistake here and there will be better received by an audience than a robotic one. Never fear of the mistakes, it’s natural.

Friday, 17 February 2017


The biggest fear of public speaking is what would my audience say? What happens if they are not interested? Capturing the audience attention is challenging, and from the onset is daunting. But if you can do it, you will be hooked on to public speaking. In today’s fast world, especially with so much portable gizmos, the speaker has to grab the audience attention from the word go or they may start doing other thing.  Here’s some tips of capturing the audience attention from the word go.

Get acclimatised:  Join the crowd before the presentation. The last few minutes is not for going through you notes but mingling with them. This helps you to get rapport with the future audience, know them. This may help you to tweak your speech at the last minute to suit their needs. Moreover it will help you to be at ease in the presentation, by having some familiar faces in the audience. When you stand up to speak, first smile, look around the room and make eye contact with some of your audience. A smile can instantly relax you and everyone else in the room.

Catchy Title and opening: The title is your audience’s first exposure to your speech. It potentially will appear in an event program or agenda. It will be used when you are introduced and welcomed on the podium. It is the “Tag Line” for your speech and provides a first opportunity to influence and warm up your audience. It is your first (and perhaps only) chance to market your speech. A compelling title which invokes curiosity has a potentiality to attract a large audience.  A title could be used to plant an assumption or confuse / misdirect the audience to add emphasis to the opening message of your speech.  You can even ask a provocative question, or use a dramatic statistic to hook the crowd right away.

Humour: Add some humor in the first few moments if you can. Adding humour is the best communication skills one can have in their arsenal. Not all talks call for humour, but if it's appropriate, some funny talk will help you to relax as well as your audience. Be careful while adding humour to a speech, it shouldn’t hurt your audience feelings.

Eye Contact:  Practice your speech before you hit the podium. Make sure you are not reading from your notes while speaking. Make Eye contact with the audience, this will give the impression you have command on your topic and are confident. And, its human nature to get attracted towards a confident personality. Avoid this by not writing out every word of your speech. Use an outline instead.

Follow the above steps and show positive energy and enthusiasm when you get to the podium. Capture the audience in the first seconds, and you'll have them for the rest of your talk.

Friday, 1 July 2016


Toastmaster Project 9: persuade with power
 The ability to persuade people - getting them to understand, accept and act upon your ideas - is a valuable skill. Your listeners will more likely be persuaded if they perceive you as credible, if you use logic and emotion in your appeal, if you carefully structure your speech and if you appeal to their interests. Avoid using notes because they may cause listeners to doubt your sincerity, knowledge and conviction.
  • Persuade listeners to adopt your viewpoint or ideas or to take some action.
  • Appeal to the audience's interests.
  • Use logic and emotion to support your position.
  • Avoid using notes.
Time: Five to Seven minutes.

Why is it important
At some point everyone tries to persuade someone else for something. It may be selling a product or lobbying for a promotion or even just trying to win a debate competition.  As we face challenges from the person/persons we are trying to persuade, we try to be push harder.  But, the harder you push the more people have a tendency to get defensive and back away. This is one of the most important challenges faced by a leader / person when one tries to get the work done from his / her subordinates / colleagues.
Good persuasion is a skill. It's a give and take allowing for people to move at their own pace with some steady nudging. Some are good at it but others needed to learn it from scratch. But both have to continuously practice it. There are a number of effective and inoffensive considerations and techniques that can help with pleasant persuasion.
How to Persuade:

Depending on your topic and your audience, there are several ways you might try to convince people of your point of view. Since the days of ancient Greece, speakers have relied on three main persuasive approaches.
  • Appealing to the audiences ethics and morals
  • Appealing to the audience emotions
  • Appealing to the Audience logic

MY TOASTMaster Speech 9

In the next blog post we will be discussing the speech named “The Change”. In this speech I have appealed to the emotions and logic of audience. My aim was to persuade the audience to seek for help, if there knowledge doesn’t suffice.
In order to persuade,  I used a story of myself changing a tyre. The sequence of events was exaggerated to persuade the audience.

Tuesday, 7 June 2016


Toastmaster Project speech 8

I delivered my Project 8 Speech on using visual aids effectively at city of Perth Toastmaster Club and won the Best Prepared Speaker Award for the session.
The tips and ideas for creating your Project speech 8 are discussed in the previous blog.
This speech was about how wisdom is available in day to day life and activities, it was about how even a small thing like pen, pencil can teach us important lessons of life.
 The visuals used were
  • Paper of the size of $50
  • $50 note
  • Pencil and eraser
  • Toastmaster Lantern

Before you start the speech make sure that the above visuals are readily available and also not visible to the audience.  I kept the visuals on the lantern and the lantern was on my side. The lantern (none of the audience thought that the lantern is a prop) easily blended into the scene with almost nobody suspecting that this can be a prop.  In the speech the use of props are marked in red.


Water, water, everywhere, Nor any drop to drink. ” These are the famous lines of Samuel Coleridge.
Water is a basic necessity for our survival. It adds years to your life. But we have to be told to drink.
Wisdom is the next level of necessity. It will add life to your years.
Dear Toastmasters and Guests, you can find water everywhere, but is wisdom so readily available. Yes it is. You can find it in everywhere even in the common day to day things. Only we have to be open ourselves to receive it. 
[Show the $50 note]
This is a $50 currency note. Suppose I say I will give it to you. Will you take it? Yes you will.
What if I fold it and give it to you? Will you still take it? Yes you will.
What if I throw it? Will you still take it? Yes you will.
[Show the piece of paper]
Now the same thing I do with this piece of paper?  What will you do? Probably you will let it be there or pick up to drop it in the waste paper basket.
Why did we treat two things separately? Because one has value, other doesn’t.
Similarly so often in your lives, you will be crumpled, trampled, ill-treated, insulted, and yet, despite all that you will be still worth the same. Don’t let such things lower your self-esteem. Hold yourself high!
If you can hold yourself high, you will be treated like this money. If you let those to affect you, lower your self-esteem then you will end up in the waste paper basket. That’s the fine line between success and failure.
Having held your self-esteem you need to be live in peace with the world. And to live in peace with the world, what better object can there to teach you that are other than this humble pencil. [bring the pencil]
This pencil can write many correct answers, write interesting stories, speeches or draw beautiful pictures. But can it do it all alone? No, it needs a hand to write.
Similarly you can do great things, but there has to be a hand guiding you, that hand is your conscience. It may take guidance from your Teacher, Philosopher, Mentor. But it is your conscience that makes the decision how your life pencil is used.
Your conscience will lead it to create things that will make the world a beautiful place to live or make the world a hell.
Now and then, the pencil becomes blunt and can’t write properly. What do we do? We stop writing and use a sharpener or knife to sharpen it.
This makes the pencil suffer a little, but then, it becomes capable of writing again. So you, too, must learn to bear certain pains, sorrows and setbacks, because they will only make you a better person.
What if the pencil makes a mistake? It needs the help of an eraser to rub out any mistakes and correct it. [Show the eraser]
This means you must be open to accept your mistakes; Only if you are humble enough to accept the mistake, then only you can find the eraser.
Friends, the things we use and do in the toastmaster have great wisdom in them. Take the example of this Lantern. [Show the lantern, if possible pick it] This teaches us the most important value of the world.
For our first few speech we use this lantern to keep our notes to guide us, we sometimes even use them as our support. As we progress we step back making room, then keep them aside and move on to face the world. But still it is waiting there, watching with the notes for our support if we need them. 
We therefore show respect to this Lantern, and try not to keep it empty during the toastmaster meeting.
Similarly our parents, stands between us and the world as we try to learn the way to live, they provide us the support.  As we grow up they slowly move to the side to allow us to face the world on our own. But they always watch us ready to support whenever we need them. We should show them the respect; because they are the reasons for what we are and try not to keep them alone.
Dear Toastmasters and Guests, don’t you agree that there is a profound wisdom underlying common objects.  Every object we can see has some wisdom to impart. Only you have to open your mind for it.
As Paulo Coelho once said “It’s the simple things in life that are the most extraordinary; only wise men are able to understand them”.

------------Mr Toastmaster ----

Monday, 6 June 2016


Public speaking

Toastmaster Project 8: Get Comfortable with Visual Aids

Visual aids help an audience understand and remember what they hear; they are a valuable tool for speakers. The most popular visual aids are computer-based visuals, overhead transparencies, flip charts, whiteboards and props.
The type of visual aid you choose depends on several factors, including the information you wish to display and the size of the audience. Visuals must be appropriate for your message and the audience, and be displayed correctly with ease and confidence.
  • Select visual aids that are appropriate for your message and the audience.
  • Use visual aids correctly with ease and confidence.

Time: Five to Seven minutes.
Why is it important
Human two most important senses are hearing and view. We have a natural tendency to start visualising the ideas the moment we hear them in order to remember. Any visual aid helps us in that stimulating the sense of hearing. This is the main reason why even from Project 2 – 7 toastmasters mention visual aids as one type of support material for a speech. Visual aids are one of the most powerful tools for a speaker.
Easier understanding: Try to explain a “book” to your friend just by words and then just show him the book and describe. He will much easily understand the information passed across because you have trapped both of his senses.
Lasting Memory: Human has a tendency to associate a memory or understanding to a picture. Try to remember anything which doesn’t have a picture associated; you won’t find it the picture may be vague but there will be something. Hence if you want your message to be remembered, help the audience to put pictures or visuals to it. And the easiest way to do it is visual aid.
Visual aid is only a tool
Visual aids can be anything that you can see in real life. The most common visual aids are computer-based aids, overhead transparencies, flip charts, whiteboards and props.
 Remember to use the visual aid as a tool; don’t let it be the most important. A toastmaster in his presentation “how to ride a horse” brought a big cut-out of a horse.   As soon as he started the presentation, the audience was looking at the horse and wondering how it will be used. The visual aid was good but it overshadowed the presentation. 
Too Much
Don’t cramp your presentation with too much of visuals. Try to have one visual for an idea or argument you are presenting. Giving the audience more choices you will only give them chance to get distract. Even in the manual there is a guideline for using 2 or 3 visuals for the speech. Keep the visual simple.

The audience will always try to look into the visuals the moment it is displayed. At that moment you may be talking of some other idea, they will be confused. So try to make extra effort to hide the visuals from the audience till the right time. As soon you display the visual make sure to pause and give the audience enough time to comprehend. Make sure not to block the visual.
MY TOASTMaster Speech 8

Having seen quite a time computer visuals not working projectors malfunctioning I took the safer options of using the day to day items as my props.
The speech was about how wisdom is available in day to day life and activities, it was about how even a small thing like pen, pencil can teach us important lessons of life.
 The visuals used were
  • Paper of the size of $50
  • $50 note
  • Pencil and eraser
  • Toastmaster Lantern

All the props mentioned above was readily available and could be easily hidden
In the next blog post we will be discussing the speech named “WISDOM”

Wednesday, 1 June 2016


Most people would undergo a surgery without anesthesia than standing up in front of a crowd and make a speech, even if it is among the spears. Though the most efficient and effective way of getting noticed (or recognize) is to make a presentation or speech in front of a group of people that supports your knowledge, intelligence, and strengths. If the presentation is good people will not only notice your intelligence, also your presentation skills. The biggest fear a person faces is “What if I make a fool of myself?”
 To be honest every speech is a prime opportunity to do something or say something that may come across as foolish, and this is true for every speaker to the novice to the most experienced. A joke may tank, a remark may be delivered incorrectly or you may take a false step. The experienced speaker just has some tools in their arsenal to minimize the risk of this happening. In this article, I am attempting to list few of these tools that I have come across while listening and talking to some very experienced speakers,  
 Neutral position.               Glancing down on the note cards every now and often is distracting for the audience. Put the papers down and speak directly to the audience, trying to maintain an eye contact to engage the audience. If you need notes, write them down on big font and keep them in the lantern. If possible stand away from the lantern in a position that you are fully visible to the audience and also that you can figure out what is written in the notes. Don’t be worried if you had missed one point, comeback to it after you complete the point you are speaking now. Remember, you & only you know, that a point has been missed.
 Too much.                            Don’t use too much of statistics to support your arguments, use those that are very meaningful and supports your point. Try to explain them in your own English.
 Power of Pause.                Make sure that you built in some pauses in your speech. This will help you to recollect your thoughts and your breath. This also gives audience the time to digest the information. The pauses if used correctly can be one of the most important tools in the arsenal.
Humour:                              Try to inject humour in your presentation. This can be a one-liner joke or a story. Humour warms up the audience and gets their attention. Be mindful of using the jokes, some jokes can annoy the audience.
Vocal Variety:                    Don’t speak in a monotonous tone. Vary your voices according to the message. Vocal variety is one of the most important part of a speech.
Body Language:                Your body speaks more than you think of. As soon as the audience see you, they start deducting from every message you make. Try to stop yourselves making movement which indicates you are nervous. Try to convey the same message by your body as you are conveying. Suppose you are conveying a very bad message with a broad smile. How will the audience take? They will be confused. Practice your speech in the mirror to work out the body language.
Practice get evaluations: Practice your speeches in front of audiences who can give you proper feedbacks. There are few clubs like “Toastmasters” where you can practice your public speaking and also get evaluated. Try to incorporation of the audience feedback.
Relax:                                    Last and not the least try to relax and enjoy the moment. Remember it is your moment of fame, you are the boss. Just enjoy the moment.

Friday, 27 May 2016


As a speaker there are few questions which we all face

  • What is the correct speed in a speech?
  • Is your pace of delivering speech fast,slow or just right?
  • And what is a normal speaking pace?

The answers are not straight forward.
The most common way to express one speaking pace is in words per minute (wpm). To calculate this one has to simply divide the number of words spoken by number of seconds.
Speaking pace
Studies suggest that the pace of a speaker depends on multiple of things like his/her culture, geographical location, subject matter, gender, fluency to even their emotional state.  However there are some guidelines which are widely accepted
  • Slow speech is usually regarded as less than 110 wpm, or words per minute.
  • Conversational speech generally falls between 120 wpm at the slow end, to 160 - 200 wpm in the fast range.
  • People who read books for radio or podcasts are often asked to speak at 150-160 wpm.
  • Auctioneers or commentators who practice speed speech are usually in the 250 to 400 wpm range.
Correct Speaking Pace

A really quick estimate can be obtained by timing yourself while practicing a written speech with a known word count and timing it. Try to pretend that you are speaking in front of live audience. Try to record it as it will help you to understand the review number of words spoken. Then use the above method to calculate. Remember not to read from the notes, because then you will be calculating your reading rate not the speaking rate.
Public speaking and rate of speech
If you are giving a speech or presentation, the concept of normal speaking speed doesn’t apply. You need to be flexible. Your speaking speed needs to be adaptable to match the pace of your audience’s ability to comprehend it. Experience and audience reaction will teach you that a one-size-fits-all approach will be far less effective than careful variation in rate. So instead of worrying too much about your numerical speed, it would be probably better to focus on improving clarity and better communicating.
You may need to vary your speed to emote the emotions in your speech like speeding up to show the excitement or a little slower to reflect the sadness. Also remember to add in pauses as a pause adds power, drama to your speech. Used well your silences will literally speak LOUDER than your words.

At Last 
Though I have seen people to speak really slowly (slow enough to put the audience to sleep), but they are extremely rare. Maximum of the person have a tendency to speed up. This is mainly because we are anxious and are aware of facing the audience and their gaze piercing us. Therefore we tend to cramp our presentation with too much data and facts and go through them at a blazing speed. SLOW DOWN and only try to give them the facts and figures they desire for.

Monday, 23 May 2016


In the previous blog “STORY TELLING – AN ENGAGING WAY FOR PRESENTATION –PART 1” we have discussed the benefits of presenting the ideas by storytelling techniques and techniques of achieving the same. The 4 techniques of storytelling are:
  • Journey of a Hero  - Journey of an ordinary person to the unknown. While treading the path he discovers his powers and emerges as a hero
  • The Obstacle  -  The journey building up to the Final Finale – The Climax
  • Plunge  - Start of the journey with a plunge to the climax and then just before the finish start the flashback
  • Silver lining – The path that can change the hope to become a reality
Here in this blog we will carry on and discuss 4 more techniques of storytelling

Nest is a story telling techniques where your main or most important story is layered by two or three minor stories.
All the stories are minor stories have to be interrelated. Your second story should start as a continuation of first story. All your stories build unto the most important story, the core of your message which lies at the center.
  • Explains the process of how you came to the conclusion
  • It uses the path of logic to explain the concept.
  • It also expresses that coming to the wisdom is a journey.

Converge structure
Converging way is a speech structure where you show various way of thinking converge to one wisdom or understanding. It is similar to the Nest approach, only difference here every story is important and they can be different not related, though converging to the same morale or understanding.
  • Showing how great things that can start on a different note end at a same point.
  • Demonstrates how two or more extremely unrelated activities can converge to make a great story
  • Demonstrates team work, how different idea need to converge to make a message acceptable
Diverging structure
This is exactly the opposite of converging structure. Here you organise various stories which relates to the same understanding. This one helps when we have unrelated stories with the same understanding. In this case the only difference is that you start with a story come to the central understanding, start the next story to again come to the same central understanding.
  • Demonstrates how everything in life is interconnected.
  • Demonstrates a central understanding
  • Demonstrates how every stories should be given same importance

In this way you start a story in the most predicable way, the way we do in our day-to-day life, before setting it up for a failure. Then start your main story from the reason of failure showing the ways how it should be done. This format is very good if you want to put forward a new way of doing things, a way which changes the ordinary perspective.
  • It hacks the audience attention by robbing them of the sense of security
  • Shows the benefit of walking against the tide
  • Encourages “thinking out of the box”
With the above classic story telling styles, add colour to your presentation and catch the audience attention. These are a few of the most commonly used styles.

These are not the exhaustive set of storytelling; you can try your own style or find another. Please do share with us if you come across any other techniques.